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ISIKHATHI: 2020-01-06 HITS: 62

INDLELA YOKUKHETHA IBHODLELA LEBULLETPROOF LOKUFANELE

Abantu abasemakethe yezembatho zomzimba bangazithola sebekhungathekile ngezinhlobonhlobo zezinto abazikhethayo emakethe namuhla. Kunolwazi oluningi ongalucubungula kulowo ozobe esefuna ukuthenga izikhali futhi ungachitha izinyanga ucwaninga ngaphambi kokwazi kahle ukuthi ufunani. Kwesinye isikhathi ukuqondiswa okuncane kunganciphisa inani lesikhathi sokucwaninga esidingekayo ukwenza isinqumo esihle ngokunikeza izindlela ezithile ezilula zokuqala usesho lwakho.

Kunezici ezintathu eziyinhloko okufanele uzicabangele lapho unquma ukuthi iziphi izikhali zempi ezifanelana kangcono nezidingo zakho; isisindo, izinga lokusongela kanye nezindleko.

Izinga lokusongela yisici esiyinkimbinkimbi kunazo zonke zezembatho zomzimba okufanele siziqonde. I- Isikhungo Sezobulungiswa Sikazwelonke (NIJ) ilawula uhlelo lwesitifiketi olunganikeza abathengi umbono wokuthi yini abangayilindela ezingubeni zabo. Uhlelo lwe-NIJ luhlukanisa izikhali ngamazinga ahlukahlukene osongo, kusuka ku-II kuye ku-IV. Yize amazinga okusongelwa enziwa ngamanani futhi enikeza inkomba ethile yekhono lezempi lokumisa ukusongela okuphezulu kwe-ballistic, empeleni kuyinkimbinkimbi kunokumane uthi “ileveli IV ingcono kuneyesithathu”, ngoba leso sitatimende asibheki eminye imininingwane.

IZINGA III

Izinga II imvunulo yempi ngokuvamile izikhali ezithambile, okusho ukuthi yakhiwe ngezinto ezilukiwe noma ezinemicu efana neKevlar, iTwaron, iDyneema, nezinye. Ileveli II yenzelwe ukuvikela kusuka ku-9x19MM FMJ ehamba ngamamitha ayi-1175 ngomzuzwana kanti .357 iMagnum Jacketed Soft Point ehamba ngamamitha ayi-1400 ngomzuzwana. Izinga II livamise ukuguquguquka futhi likhululekile ukugqoka, okungenani uma kuqhathaniswa nalokho umuntu angakuthatha “njengokunethezeka” lapho egqoke izikhali zomzimba. Izembatho zeleveli II ngokuvamile zingamelana namahithi amaningi ahlukanisiwe kepha kufanele uhlale uqinisekisa amandla we-multi-hit futhi usongele amandla wokumisa athile nganoma iyiphi imodeli, ileveli, noma uhlobo lwezikhali!

IZINGA III-A

Izinga III-A olandelayo emgqeni. Lesi silinganiso senzelwe ukuma .44 Magnum Jacketed Hollow Points ehamba ngamamitha ayi-1400 ngomzuzwana. Njengezikhali zeleveli II, izinga III-A imvamisa le soft amapuleti ezikhali ahlukahlukene kodwa aqinile nawo angatholakala ngesilinganiso esingu-III-A. Lokhu kwesinye isikhathi kubizwa ngokuthi 'amapuleti wejubane', ngoba anikeza esinye sezixazululo ezilula kakhulu ngenkathi unikela ngendawo ethile yokumboza ovame ukuyithola kuma-rigs ezinsimbi ezithambile. Ngokubhala lokhu, kunohlelo lokuqinisekiswa kwe-NIJ lwe-III-A zempi ezithambile kepha hhayi zamapuleti aqinile ka-III-A.

IZINGA III

Izinga III ohlelweni lwezinga le-NIJ yilapho singena khona emhlabeni we amapuleti esibhamu, kwesinye isikhathi kubhekiswa njengokufakwa okunzima. Amapuleti weLevel III aklanyelwe ukumisa ama-hits ayisithupha ahlukanisiwe we-7.62X51MM NATO (Full Metal Jacket) ahamba ngamamitha angu-2,750 ngomzuzwana. Lokhu kucishe kufane nomjikelezo wokuzingela waseWinchester ojwayelekile .308. Ngazo zonke izilinganiso zezikhali ze-NIJ, kubalulekile ukwazi nokuqonda ukuthi ipuleti elinganiselwe ukumisa usongo oluthile kungenzeka lingavimbi inhlamvu encane. Eqinisweni, kunezimo lapho inhlamvu ehamba kancane ingangena ezinhlotsheni ezithile zempi ngenkathi inhlamvu efanayo ngejubane eliphakeme ingenakukwazi. Izinkinga ezinjengalezi yizo ezingenza ukukhetha izembatho zempi kube nzima kakhulu kepha ukuthenga umkhiqizo ngaphandle kokuqonda ngokugcwele amandla awo weqiniso kubi kakhulu.

 

Ngenkathi i-7.62x51MM NATO esetshenziswe ekuvivinyweni kwezinga le-III ingahle icatshangelwe ukuthi “inkulu” ukwedlula i-5.56MM round edutshulwe yi-AR-15's nezinye izibhamu, kunezinhlobo ku-5.56MM caliber okudala izinkinga zezinto ezithile zempi. Isibonelo, iM855 “Green Tip” ingangena kuma-polyethylene plate amsulwa ngenkathi inhlobo ye-M193 ingangena ensimbi efana ne-AR500. Ijubane le-Bullet lidlala indima ekungeneni kepha lokhu kuyizingozi ezaziwayo. Ngenxa yalokhu, abanye abakhiqizi basebenzisa igama elithi III + ukukala amapuleti abo. I-NIJ ayiyiboni i-III + kepha abakhiqizi abaningi bayayisebenzisa ukukhombisa ukuvikelwa ezingeni le-NIJ elisongela izinga III more Izinsongo ze-M855 neM193. Yize ipuleti lika-III + lihlanganisa iningi lezinsongo ngesisindo esilinganayo nezindleko, okwenza kube ukukhetha okuhehayo kakhulu, kufanele uqaphele isilinganiso ngoba ezinye izinkampani ezingenangqondo kakhulu zizosebenzisa igama elithi "+" ukuzama ukukhuphula izinga lokuvikela ipuleti. Qinisekisa ukuthi yini okusongela ipuleti le-III + empeleni elinganiselwe ukuma nomenzi ngaphambi kokuthenga.

IZINGA IV

Izinga IV isilinganiso esiphezulu sepuleti lesibhamu ngaphansi kwezimpawu zomzimba zomuntu siqu ze-NIJ ngalesi sikhathi. Izinga IV kufanele limise ukushaya okukodwa kwe-7.62MM AP “Black Tip”, okuyinhlamvu eyi-.30-06 Yezikhali Ebhoboza Izikhali. Qaphela umehluko ekubalweni kokudutshulwa phakathi kwezinga le-III (6 shots) kanye ne-IV (1 shot) certification. Ngokuya ngesimo, ngakho-ke izinga le-IV alizenzeli kangcono kunezinga lesithathu, yize likleliswe ezingeni eliphezulu kakhulu.

I-SAPI

Ngaphandle kwe-NIJ, kunezinye izivumelwano zokuhlola ezisunguliwe. Amasosha anohlelo lwe-SAPI (Small Arms Protective Insert). Lolu hlelo lubonisa amapuleti aklanyelwe ama-specs ezempi. Babone ukusetshenziswa kokuqala nge-Interceptor carrier system, kwalandela i-IOTV (Improved Outer Tactical Vest) neMTV (Modular Tactical Vest). Ngo-2005, umbutho wezempi wathuthela ohlelweni lwe-ESAPI noma i- “Enhanced SAPI”. Osayizi banoma yiluphi uhla lwepuleti eliqokiwe le-E / SAPI kusuka ku-Extra Small (7.25 x 11.50 inches) kuye ku-Extra Large (11.00 x 14.00 inches).

I-DEA / FBI

I-DEA ne-FBI bagcina izivumelwano zabo zokuhlola ezihlukile. Kukhona namapuleti “OkuSabisa Okukhethekile”, njengeVenture FM-STX, aklanyelwe ukumisa zonke izinsongo ezivame kakhulu ongase uhlangane nazo ekhaya (i-AR-15, i-AK-47, nama-pistol rounds) ube unciphile futhi ukonga . Amapuleti anjalo awaqinisekiswanga yi-NIJ ngoba ayikho inqubo yokuhlola yawo, kepha aqhubeka nokugcwalisa indawo ebaluleke kakhulu.

IZINYATHELO EZILANDELAYO

Lapho usuthathe isinqumo sokuthi izinga losongo elihlangabezana nezidingo zakho, ungahle uthande ukubheka ukuthi ngabe uyawadinga yini ama-Stand-Alone noma ama-In-Conjunction plate. Iningi lezembatho zomzimba libhekwa njenge-Stand-Alone, okusho ukuthi alidingi isisekeli esithambile sezinsimbi ukuhlangabezana nesilinganiso salo sengozi. Amapuleti e-In-Conjunction aklanyelwe ukuhlangabezana nesilinganiso sawo kuphela uma egqoke ngaphezu kwezembatho ezithambile. Amanye amapuleti angafakwa ohlwini njenge- “level III / IV ICW”, okusho ukuthi ipuleti lilinganiswe njengeleveli III ngaphandle kwesekeli nelevel IV elinomsekeli. 

IPHATA BACKERS

Akunandaba ukuthi ungakhetha hlobo luni lokufaka kanzima, kuwumqondo omuhle njalo ukugqoka isisekeli sezikhali ezithambile ukusiza ukunciphisa ukuhlukumezeka ngamandla okunamandla. Ngenkathi ipuleti lingamisa inhlamvu, kungaba yiphutha ukucabanga ukuthi oyigqokayo uzolimala ngemuva kwalokho. Kusenamandla amaningi adluliselwa kupuleti bese angena emzimbeni womuntu ogqokile. Ama-Plate backers angasiza ukunciphisa amanye la mandla, anciphise amathuba okulimala kanzima.

IZIMBALI

Zonke izinhlobo zezikhali zinobuhle nobubi bazo, ngasinye sazo siwela ngaphansi kwezigaba ezintathu zokukhetha okukhulunywe ngazo ekuqaleni; isisindo, izinga lokusongela, nezindleko. Kubuyela njalo kulabo. Ngenxa yokwahluka ekusebenzeni, akukho zembatho okufanele zaziwe njenge- “bulletproof” futhi kufanele uqaphele inkampani esebenzisa ibinzana. Kuphela "ukumelana nezinhlamvu" okusebenzayo ngempela.

Kunezinto ezahlukahlukene ezisetshenziswayo ekwenziweni kwamapuleti ezibhamu. Phakathi kwazo kukhona ama-laminates acindezelwe afaka i-polyethylene ephakeme kakhulu, i-ceramics, i-Kevlar, njalonjalo. Izinto ezenziwe nge-laminate zivame ukwehluka kulezo ezitholakala kwizembatho ezithambile. Isibonelo, i-Kevlar esetshenziswe ezingutsheni ezithambile cishe ingahluka okuhlukile kunalokho ongakuthola kupuleti oluqinile. Izinto ezinamanzi ezisetshenziswe ekukhiqizeni izikhali ezilukhuni cishe zihlala zibunjiwe ngokweqile futhi / noma zicindezelwe.

 

Ngezinto ezihlukile kuza amamethrikhi wokusebenza ahlukile. Mhlawumbe umehluko ophawuleka kakhulu isisindo; ezembathweni zempi, isisindo esilula sisho izindleko eziphakeme, imvamisa ngezinga elibalulekile. Lapho ufuna izinto ezilula kakhulu nobuchwepheshe bokwakha obutholakalayo njengamanje, izindleko zizokukhombisa lokhu.

ISIPHETHO

Ngesikhathi senqubo yokwenza izinqumo zokukhetha izembatho zempi, uzohlala ulinganisa isisindo nezindleko. Uma udinga ukugqoka izikhali ngaphezu kwesikhathi esifushane kakhulu, inani lezembatho ezingasindi alinakweqiwa.

 

Ngakho-ke ngamafuphi, setha izidingo zakho ngaphambi uqala ukuthenga izembatho zempi. Yisiphi isici esibaluleke kakhulu kuwe? Ngabe udinga isisindo esincane kunazo zonke? Ngabe ulindele ukuhlangana nesibhamu noma imijikelezo yezibhamu? Ingabe kukhona umjikelezo othile noma ongajwayelekile ojwayelekile endaweni yakho yaseshashalazini? Udinga ipuleti elinama-multi-hit? Udinga ipuleti elintanta emanzini? Futhi-ke kunodaba lokuthi ungachitha malini. Yize zikhona izixazululo zokulingana nezabelomali eziningi, ngikholwa ukuthi umthengi - noma ngabe ungumuntu noma i-ejensi - kufanele aqaphele kakhulu ukuthi angazideli kakhulu ngenxa yokonga imali aze aqede ngomkhiqizo ongahlangabezani nezidingo noma okubi kakhulu, akusebenzi. Abantu ngeke bagqoke izikhali ezisinda kakhulu futhi noma bekwenza, kungaphazamisa ukuhamba kwabo, empeleni okwandayo ingozi kubo ezimweni ezinobutha. Kuhle ukumisa inhlamvu kepha kungcono kakhulu, kungcono kakhulu ukugwema ukudutshulwa ngokuphelele.